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Country Comparison :: Distribution of family income - Gini index
Distribution of family income - Gini index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The more nearly equal a country's income distribution, the lower its Gini index, e.g., a Scandinavian country with an index of 25. The more unequal a country's income distribution, the higher its Gini index, e.g., a Sub-Saharan country with an index of 50. If income were distributed with perfect equality the index would be zero; if income were distributed with perfect inequality, the index would be 100.
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Rank
country Distribution of family income - Gini index Date of Information
1 Lesotho
63.2
1995
2 South Africa
63.1
2005
3 Botswana
63.0
1993
4 Sierra Leone
62.9
1989
5 Central African Republic
61.3
1993
6 Namibia
59.7
2010
7 Haiti
59.2
2001
8 Honduras
57.7
2007
9 Zambia
57.5
2010
10 Colombia
55.9
2010
11 Guatemala
55.1
2007
12 Hong Kong
53.7
2011
13 Paraguay
53.2
2009
14 Chile
52.1
2009
15 Panama
51.9
2010 est.
16 Brazil
51.9
2012
17 Papua New Guinea
50.9
1996
18 Swaziland
50.4
2001
19 Costa Rica
50.3
2009
20 Gambia, The
50.2
1998
21 Zimbabwe
50.1
2006
22 Sri Lanka
49.0
2010
23 Ecuador
48.5
December 2013
24 Mexico
48.3
2008
25 Peru
48.1
2010
26 Madagascar
47.5
2001
27 China
47.3
2013
28 Dominican Republic
47.2
2010 est.
29 Bolivia
47.0
2011
30 El Salvador
46.9
2007
31 Rwanda
46.8
2000
32 Singapore
46.3
2013
33 Malaysia
46.2
2009
34 Georgia
46.0
2011
35 South Sudan
46.0
2010 est.
36 Argentina
45.8
2009
37 Mozambique
45.6
2008
38 Jamaica
45.5
2004
39 Bulgaria
45.3
2007
40 Uruguay
45.3
2010
41 United States
45.0
2007
42 Philippines
44.8
2009
43 Cameroon
44.6
2001
44 Guyana
44.6
2007
45 Iran
44.5
2006
46 Uganda
44.3
2009
47 Nigeria
43.7
2003
48 Kenya
42.5
2008 est.
49 Burundi
42.4
1998
50 Russia
42.0
2012
51 Cote d'Ivoire
41.5
2008
52 Senegal
41.3
2001
53 Djibouti
40.9
2002
54 Morocco
40.9
2007 est.
55 Turkmenistan
40.8
1998
56 Nicaragua
40.5
2010
57 Turkey
40.2
2010
58 Mali
40.1
2001
59 Tunisia
40.0
2005 est.
60 Jordan
39.7
2007
61 Burkina Faso
39.5
2007
62 Ghana
39.4
2005-06
63 Guinea
39.4
2007
64 Thailand
39.4
2010
65 Macedonia
39.2
2011
66 Mauritania
39.0
2000
67 Venezuela
39.0
2011
68 Malawi
39.0
2004
69 Mauritius
39.0
2006 est.
70 Bhutan
38.7
71 Portugal
38.5
2007
72 Serbia
38.0
2013 est.
73 Cambodia
37.9
2008 est.
74 Yemen
37.7
2005
75 Israel
37.6
2012
76 Japan
37.6
2008
77 Tanzania
37.6
2007
78 Vietnam
37.6
2008
79 Maldives
37.4
2004
80 India
36.8
2004
81 Uzbekistan
36.8
2003
82 Indonesia
36.8
2009
83 Laos
36.7
2008
84 Mongolia
36.5
2008
85 Benin
36.5
2003
86 New Zealand
36.2
1997
87 Bosnia and Herzegovina
36.2
2007
88 Lithuania
35.5
2009
89 Algeria
35.3
1995
90 Latvia
35.2
2010
91 Macau
35.0
2013
92 Albania
34.5
2008
93 Greece
34.3
2012 est.
94 Taiwan
34.2
2011
95 Poland
34.1
2009
96 Niger
34.0
2007
97 Ireland
33.9
2010
98 Azerbaijan
33.7
2008
99 Kyrgyzstan
33.4
2007
100 Moldova
33.0
2010
101 Ethiopia
33.0
2011
102 Nepal
32.8
2010
103 Tajikistan
32.6
2006
104 United Kingdom
32.3
2012
105 Canada
32.1
2005
106 Bangladesh
32.1
2010
107 Spain
32.0
2005
108 Croatia
32.0
2010
109 Italy
31.9
2012 est.
110 Timor-Leste
31.9
2007 est.
111 Estonia
31.3
2010
112 Korea, South
31.1
2011 est.
113 Cyprus
31.0
2012 est.
114 Armenia
30.9
2008
115 Netherlands
30.9
2007
116 Egypt
30.8
2008
117 France
30.6
2011
118 European Union
30.6
2012 est.
119 Pakistan
30.6
FY07/08
120 Australia
30.3
2008
121 Kosovo
30.0
FY05/06
122 Kazakhstan
28.9
2011
123 Switzerland
28.7
2012 est.
124 Ukraine
28.2
2009
125 Belgium
28.0
2005
126 Iceland
28.0
2006
127 Romania
27.4
2011
128 Belarus
27.2
2008
129 Malta
27.1
2012
130 Germany
27.0
2006
131 Finland
26.8
2008
132 Austria
26.3
2007
133 Slovakia
26.0
2005
134 Luxembourg
26.0
2005
135 Norway
25.0
2008
136 Czech Republic
24.9
2012
137 Denmark
24.8
2011 est.
138 Hungary
24.7
2009
139 Montenegro
24.3
2010
140 Slovenia
23.7
2012
141 Sweden
23.0
2005
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