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Field Listing :: Major urban areas - population
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This entry provides the population of the capital and up to five major cities defined as urban agglomerations with populations of at least 750,000 people. An urban agglomeration is defined as comprising the city or town proper and also the suburban fringe or thickly settled territory lying outside of, but adjacent to, the boundaries of the city. For smaller countries, lacking urban centers of 750,000 or more, only the population of the capital is presented.
Country
Major urban areas - population
Afghanistan KABUL (capital) 3.097 million (2011)
Albania TIRANA (capital) 419,000 (2011)
Algeria ALGIERS (capital) 2.916 million; Oran 783,000 (2011)
American Samoa PAGO PAGO (capital) 64,000 (2011)
Andorra ANDORRA LA VELLA (capital) 23,000 (2011)
Angola LUANDA (capital) 5.068 million; Huambo 1.098 million (2011)
Anguilla THE VALLEY (capital) 2,000 (2011)
Antigua and Barbuda SAINT JOHN'S (capital) 27,000 (2011)
Argentina BUENOS AIRES (capital) 13.528 million; Cordoba 1.556 million; Rosario 1.283 million; Mendoza 957,000; San Miguel de Tucuman 868,000; La Plata 759,000 (2011)
Armenia YEREVAN (capital) 1.116 million (2011)
Aruba ORANJESTAD (capital) 37,000 (2011)
Australia Sydney 4.543 million; Melbourne 3.961 million; Brisbane 2.039 million; Perth 1.649 million; Adelaide 1.198 million; CANBERRA (capital) 399,000 (2011)
Austria VIENNA (capital) 1.72 million (2011)
Azerbaijan BAKU (capital) 2.123 million (2011)
Bahamas, The NASSAU (capital) 254,000 (2011)
Bahrain MANAMA (capital) 262,000 (2011)
Bangladesh DHAKA (capital) 15.391 million; Chittagong 5.239 million; Khulna 1.781 million; Rajshahi 932,000 (2011)
Barbados BRIDGETOWN (capital) 122,000 (2011)
Belarus MINSK (capital) 1.861 million (2011)
Belgium BRUSSELS (capital) 1.949 million; Antwerp 959,000 (2011)
Belize BELMOPAN (capital) 14,000 (2011)
Benin COTONOU (seat of government) 924,000; PORTO-NOVO (capital) 314,000 (2011)
Bermuda HAMILTON (capital) 11,000 (2011)
Bhutan THIMPHU (capital) 99,000 (2011)
Bolivia Santa Cruz 1.719 million; LA PAZ (capital) 1.715 million; Sucre (constitutional capital) 307,000 (2011)
Bosnia and Herzegovina SARAJEVO (capital) 389,000 (2011)
Botswana GABORONE (capital) 202,000 (2011)
Brazil Sao Paulo 19.924 million; Rio de Janeiro 11.96 million; Belo Horizonte 5.487 million; Porto Alegre 3.933 million; Recife 3.733 million; BRASILIA (capital) 3.813 million (2011)
British Virgin Islands ROAD TOWN (capital) 10,000 (2011)
Brunei BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (capital) 241,000
note: the boundaries of the capital city were expanded in 2007, greatly increasing the city area; the population of the capital increased tenfold (2011)
Bulgaria SOFIA (capital) 1.174 million (2011)
Burkina Faso OUAGADOUGOU (capital) 2.053 million (2011)
Burma RANGOON (capital) 4.457 million; Mandalay 1.063 million; Nay Pyi Taw 1.06 million (2011)
Burundi BUJUMBURA (capital) 605,000 (2011)
Cabo Verde PRAIA (capital) 132,000 (2011)
Cambodia PHNOM PENH (capital) 1.55 million (2011)
Cameroon Douala 2.449 million; YAOUNDE (capital) 2.432 million (2011)
Canada Toronto 5.573 million; Montreal 3.856 million; Vancouver 2.267 million; Calgary 1.216 million; OTTAWA (capital) 1.208 million; Edmonton 1.142 million (2011)
Cayman Islands GEORGE TOWN (capital) 28,000 (2011)
Central African Republic BANGUI (capital) 740,000 (2011)
Chad N'DJAMENA (capital) 1.079 million (2011)
Chile SANTIAGO (capital) 6.034 million; Valparaiso 883,000; Concepcion 770,000 (2011)
China Shanghai 20.208 million; BEIJING (capital) 15.594 million; Guangzhou 10.849 million; Shenzhen 10.63 million; Chongqing 9.977 million; Wuhan 9.158 million (2011)
Colombia BOGOTA (capital) 8.743 million; Medellin 3.694 million; Cali 2.453 million; Barranquilla 1.9 million; Bucaramanga 1.12 million; Cartagena 988,000 (2011)
Comoros MORONI (capital) 54,000 (2011)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the KINSHASA (capital) 8.798 million; Lubumbashi 1.556 million; Mbuji-Mayi 1.504 million; Kananga 888,000; Kisangani 820,000 (2011)
Congo, Republic of the BRAZZAVILLE (capital) 1.611 million; Pointe-Noire 834,000 (2011)
Costa Rica SAN JOSE (capital) 1.515 million (2011)
Cote d'Ivoire ABIDJAN (seat of government) 4.288 million; YAMOUSSOUKRO (capital) 966,000 (2011)
Croatia ZAGREB (capital) 686,000 (2011)
Cuba HAVANA (capital) 2.116 million (2011)
Cyprus NICOSIA (capital) 253,000 (2011)
Czech Republic PRAGUE (capital) 1.276 million (2011)
Denmark COPENHAGEN (capital) 1.206 million (2011)
Djibouti DJIBOUTI (capital) 496,000 (2011)
Dominica ROSEAU (capital) 14,000 (2011)
Dominican Republic SANTO DOMINGO (capital) 2.191 million (2011)
Ecuador Guayaquil 2.287 million; QUITO (capital) 1.622 million (2011)
Egypt CAIRO (capital) 11.169 million; Alexandria 4.494 million (2011)
El Salvador SAN SALVADOR (capital) 1.605 million (2011)
Equatorial Guinea MALABO (capital) 137,000 (2011)
Eritrea ASMARA (capital) 712,000 (2011)
Estonia TALLINN (capital) 400,000 (2011)
Ethiopia ADDIS ABABA (capital) 2.979 million (2011)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) STANLEY (capital) 2,000 (2011)
Faroe Islands TORSHAVN (capital) 20,000 (2011)
Fiji SUVA (capital) 177,000 (2011)
Finland HELSINKI (capital) 1.134 million (2011)
France PARIS (capital) 10.62 million; Marseille-Aix-en-Provence 14,890,100; Lyon 1.488 million; Lille 1.042 million; Nice-Cannes 991,000; Toulouse 933,000 (2011)
French Polynesia PAPEETE (capital) 137,000 (2011)
Gabon LIBREVILLE (capital) 686,000 (2011)
Gambia, The BANJUL (capital) 506,000 (2011)
Georgia TBILISI (capital) 1.121 million (2011)
Germany BERLIN (capital) 3.462 million; Hamburg 1.796 million; Munich 1.364 million; Cologne 1.006 million (2011)
Ghana ACCRA (capital) 2.573 million; Kumasi 2.019 million (2011)
Greece ATHENS (capital) 3.414 million; Thessaloniki 883,000 (2011)
Greenland NUUK (capital) 16,000 (2011)
Grenada SAINT GEORGE'S (capital) 41,000 (2011)
Guam HAGATNA (capital) 169,000 (2011)
Guatemala GUATEMALA CITY (capital) 1.168 million (2011)
Guinea CONAKRY (capital) 1.786 million (2011)
Guinea-Bissau BISSAU (capital) 423,000 (2011)
Guyana GEORGETOWN (capital) 127,000 (2011)
Haiti PORT-AU-PRINCE (capital) 2.207 million (2011)
Honduras TEGUCIGALPA (capital) 1.088 million (2011)
Hungary BUDAPEST (capital) 1.737 million (2011)
Iceland REYKJAVIK (capital) 206,000 (2011)
India NEW DELHI (capital) 22.654 million; Mumbai 19.744 million; Kolkata 14.402 million; Chennai 8.784 million; Bangalore 8.614 million; Hyderabad 7.837 million (2011)
Indonesia JAKARTA (capital) 9.769 million; Surabaya 2.787 million; Bandung 2.429 million; Medan 2.118 million; Semarang 1.573 million; Palembang 1.455 million (2011)
Iran TEHRAN (capital) 7.304 million; Mashhad 2.713 million; Esfahan 1.781 million; Karaj 1.635 million; Tabriz 1.509 million; Shiraz 1.321 million (2011)
Iraq BAGHDAD (capital) 6.036 million; Mosul 1.494 million; Erbil 1.039 million; Basra 942,000; As Sulaymaniyah 867,000; Najaf 779,000 (2011)
Ireland DUBLIN (capital) 1.121 million (2011)
Isle of Man DOUGLAS (capital) 27,000 (2011)
Israel Tel Aviv-Yafo 3.381 million; Haifa 1.054 million; JERUSALEM (capital) 791,000 (2009)
Italy ROME (capital) 3.298 million; Milan 2.909 million; Naples 2.373 million; Turin 1.613 million; Palermo 915,000; Bergamo 784,000 (2011)
Jamaica KINGSTON (capital) 571,000 (2011)
Japan TOKYO (capital) 37.217 million; Osaka-Kobe 11.494 million; Nagoya 3.328 million; Fukuoka-Kitakyushu 2.868 million; Sapporo 2.742 million; Sendai 2.428 million (2011)
Jordan AMMAN (capital) 1.179 million (2011)
Kazakhstan Almaty 1.426 million; ASTANA (capital) 664,000 (2011)
Kenya NAIROBI (capital) 3.363 million; Mombassa 972,000 (2011)
Kiribati TARAWA (capital) 44,000 (2011)
Korea, North PYONGYANG (capital) 2.843 million (2011)
Korea, South SEOUL (capital) 9.736 million; Busan (Pusan) 3.372 million; Incheon (Inch'on) 2.622 million; Daegu (Taegu) 2.447 million; Daejon (Taejon) 1.538 million; Gwangju (Kwangju) 1.503 million (2011)
Kuwait KUWAIT (capital) 2.406 million (2011)
Kyrgyzstan BISHKEK (capital) 839,000 (2011)
Laos VIENTIANE (capital) 810,000 (2011)
Latvia RIGA (capital) 701,000 (2011)
Lebanon BEIRUT (capital) 2.022 million (2011)
Lesotho MASERU (capital) 239,000 (2011)
Liberia MONROVIA (capital) 750,000 (2011)
Libya TRIPOLI (capital) 1.127 million (2011)
Liechtenstein VADUZ (capital) 5,000 (2011)
Lithuania VILNIUS (capital) 546,000 (2011)
Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG (capital) 94,000 (2011)
Macedonia SKOPJE (capital) 499,000 (2011)
Madagascar ANTANANARIVO (capital) 1.987 million (2011)
Malawi LILONGWE (capital) 772,000 (2011)
Malaysia KUALA LUMPUR (capital) 1.556 million; Klang 1.19 million; Johor Bahru 1.045 million (2011)
Maldives MALE (capital) 132,000 (2011)
Mali BAMAKO (capital) 2.037 million (2011)
Malta VALLETTA (capital) 198,000 (2011)
Marshall Islands MAJURO (capital) 31,000 (2011)
Mauritania NOUAKCHOTT (capital) 786,000 (2011)
Mauritius PORT LOUIS (capital) 151,000 (2011)
Mexico MEXICO CITY (capital) 20.446 million; Guadalajara 4.525 million; Monterrey 4.213 million; Puebla 2.335 million; Tijuana 1.82 million; Toluca de Lerdo 1.748 million (2011)
Micronesia, Federated States of PALIKIR (capital) 7,000 (2011)
Moldova CHISINAU (capital) 677,000 (2011)
Mongolia ULAANBAATAR (capital) 1.184 million (2011)
Montenegro PODGORICA (capital) 156,000 (2011)
Morocco Casablanca 3.046 million; RABAT (capital) 1.843 million; Fes 1.088 million; Marrakech 939,000; Tangier 810,000; Agadir 805,000 (2011)
Mozambique MAPUTO (capital) 1.15 million; Matola 790,000 (2011)
Namibia WINDHOEK (capital) 380,000 (2011)
Nepal KATHMANDU (capital) 1.015 million (2011)
Netherlands AMSTERDAM (capital) 1.056 million; Rotterdam 1.014 million; The Hague (seat of government) 635,000 (2011)
New Caledonia NOUMEA (capital) 157,000 (2011)
New Zealand Auckland 1.452 million; WELLINGTON (capital) 410,000 (2011)
Nicaragua MANAGUA (capital) 970,000 (2011)
Niger NIAMEY (capital) 1.297 million (2011)
Nigeria Lagos 11.223 million; Kano 3.375 million; Ibadan 2.949 million; ABUJA (capital) 2.153 million; Port Harcourt 1.894 million; Kaduna 1.524 million (2011)
Northern Mariana Islands SAIPAN (capital) 56,000 (2011)
Norway OSLO (capital) 915,000 (2011)
Oman MUSCAT (capital) 743,000 (2011)
Pakistan Karachi 13.876 million; Lahore 7.566 million; Faisalabad 3.038 million; Rawalpindi 2.164 million; Multan 1.775 million; ISLAMABAD (capital) 919,000 (2011)
Palau MELEKEOK (capital) 1,000 (2011)
Panama PANAMA CITY (capital) 1.426 million (2011)
Papua New Guinea PORT MORESBY (capital) 343,000 (2011)
Paraguay ASUNCION (capital) 2.139 million (2011)
Peru LIMA (capital) 9.13 million; Arequipa 804,000 (2011)
Philippines MANILA (capital) 11.862 million; Davao 1.565 million; Cebu City 855,000; Zamboanga 884,000 (2011)
Poland WARSAW (capital) 1.723 million; Krakow 756,000 (2011)
Portugal LISBON (capital) 2.843 million; Porto 1.367 million (2011)
Puerto Rico SAN JUAN (capital) 2.475 million (2011)
Qatar DOHA (capital) 567,000 (2011)
Romania BUCHAREST (capital) 1.937 million (2011)
Russia MOSCOW (capital) 11.621 million; Saint Petersburg 4.866 million; Novosibirsk 1.478 million; Yekaterinburg 1.355 million; Nizhniy Novgorod 1.245 million; Samara 1.166 million (2011)
Rwanda KIGALI (capital) 1.004 million (2011)
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha JAMESTOWN (capital) 1,000 (2011)
Saint Kitts and Nevis BASSETERRE (capital) 12,000 (2011)
Saint Lucia CASTRIES (capital) 21,000 (2011)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon SAINT-PIERRE (capital) 5,000 (2011)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines KINGSTOWN (capital) 31,000 (2011)
Samoa APIA (capital) 37,000 (2011)
Sao Tome and Principe SAO TOME (capital) 64,000 (2011)
Saudi Arabia RIYADH (capital) 5.451 million; Jeddah 3.578 million; Mecca 1.591 million; Medina 1.142 million; Ad Dammam 941,000 (2011)
Senegal DAKAR (capital) 3.035 million (2011)
Serbia BELGRADE (capital) 1.135 million (2011)
Seychelles VICTORIA (capital) 27,000 (2011)
Sierra Leone FREETOWN (capital) 941,000 (2011)
Slovakia BRATISLAVA (capital) 434,000 (2011)
Slovenia LJUBLJANA (capital) 273,000 (2011)
Solomon Islands HONIARA (capital) 68,000 (2011)
Somalia MOGADISHU (capital) 1.554 million (2011)
South Africa Johannesburg 3.844 million; Cape Town (legislative capital) 3.562 million; Ekurhuleni (East Rand) 3.357 million; Durban 3.012 million; PRETORIA (capital) 1.501 million; Vereeniging 1.2 million; Bloemfontein (judicial capital) 468,000 (2011)
South Sudan JUBA (capital) 269,000 (2011)
Spain MADRID (capital) 6.574 million; Barcelona 5.57 million; Valencia 797,000 (2011)
Sri Lanka COLOMBO (capital) 693,000; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative capital) 126,000 (2011)
Sudan KHARTOUM (capital) 4.632 million (2011)
Suriname PARAMARIBO (capital) 278,000 (2011)
Swaziland MBABANE (capital) 66,000 (2011)
Sweden STOCKHOLM (capital) 1.385 million (2011)
Switzerland Zurich 1.194 million; BERN (capital) 353,000 (2011)
Syria Aleppo 3.164 million; DAMASCUS (capital) 2.65 million; Hims 1.369 million; Hamah 933,000 (2011)
Tajikistan DUSHANBE (capital) 739,000 (2011)
Tanzania DAR ES SALAAM (capital) 3.588 million (2011)
Thailand BANGKOK (capital) 8.426 million; Samut Prakan 1.212 million (2011)
Timor-Leste DILI (capital) 180,000 (2011)
Togo LOME (capital) 1.524 million (2011)
Tonga NUKU'ALOFA 25,000 (2011)
Trinidad and Tobago PORT-OF-SPAIN (capital) 66,000 (2011)
Tunisia TUNIS (capital) 790,000 (2011)
Turkey Istanbul 11.253 million; ANKARA (capital) 4.194 million; Izmir 2.927 million; Bursa 1.713 million; Adana 1.468 million; Gaziantep 1.198 million (2011)
Turkmenistan ASHGABAT (capital) 683,000 (2011)
Turks and Caicos Islands GRAND TURK (capital) 7,000 (2011)
Tuvalu FUNAFUTI (capital) 5,000 (2011)
Uganda KAMPALA (capital) 1.659 million (2011)
Ukraine KYIV (capital) 2.829 million; Kharkiv 1.451 million; Dnipropetrovsk 994,000; Odesa 1.01 million; Donetsk 959,000; Zaporizhzhya 771,000 (2011)
United Arab Emirates ABU DHABI (capital) 942,000; Dubai 1.978 million; Sharjah 983,000 (2011)
United Kingdom LONDON (capital) 9.005 million; Birmingham 2.272 million; Manchester 2.213 million; West Yorkshire 1.625 million; Glasgow 1.137 million; Newcastle upon Tyne 874,000 (2011)
United States New York-Newark 20.352 million; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana 13.395 million; Chicago 9.676 million; Miami 6.061 million; Philadelphia 5.927 million; WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) 4.705 million (2011)
Uruguay MONTEVIDEO (capital) 1.672 million (2011)
Uzbekistan TASHKENT (capital) 2.227 million (2011)
Vanuatu PORT-VILA (capital) 47,000 (2011)
Venezuela CARACAS (capital) 3.242 million; Maracaibo 2.31 million; Valencia 1.866 million; Barquisimeto 1.245 million; Maracay 1.115 million; Ciudad Guayana 799,000 (2011)
Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City 6.405 million; HANOI (capital) 2.955 million; Haiphong 925,000; Da Nang 834,000 (2011)
Virgin Islands CHARLOTTE AMALIE (capital) 60,000 (2011)
Wallis and Futuna MATA-UTU (capital) 1,000 (2011)
Western Sahara Laayoune 237,000 (2011)
Yemen SANAA (capital) 2.419 million; Aden 784,000 (2011)
Zambia LUSAKA (capital) 1.802 million (2011)
Zimbabwe HARARE (capital) 1.542 million (2011)
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