
Field Listing :: Suffrage 

This entry gives the age at enfranchisement and whether the right to vote is universal or restricted. 


Angola

18 years of age; universal


Argentina

1870 years of age; universal and compulsory; 1617 years of age  optional


Aruba

18 years of age; universal


Australia

18 years of age; universal and compulsory


Bahrain

20 years of age; universal; note  Bahraini Cabinet in May 2011 endorsed a draft law lowering eligibility to 18 years


Belgium

18 years of age; universal and compulsory


Belize

18 years of age; universal


Benin

18 years of age; universal


Bhutan

18 years of age; universal


Bolivia

18 years of age, universal and compulsory


Brazil

voluntary between 16 to under 18 years of age and over 70; compulsory 18 to 70 years of age; note  military conscripts by law cannot vote


Brunei

18 years of age for village elections; universal


Burma

18 years of age; universal


Canada

18 years of age; universal


Chad

18 years of age; universal


Chile

18 years of age; universal


China

18 years of age; universal


Costa Rica

18 years of age; universal and compulsory


Croatia

18 years of age, 16 if employed; universal


Cuba

16 years of age; universal


Cyprus

18 years of age; universal


Dominican Republic

18 years of age, universal and compulsory; married persons regardless of age can vote; note  members of the armed forces and national police by law cannot vote


Ecuador

1865 years of age, universal and compulsory; 1618, over 65, and other eligible voters, voluntary


Egypt

18 years of age; universal and compulsory


Estonia

18 years of age; universal for all Estonian citizens


European Union

18 years of age; universal; voting for the European Parliament is permitted in each member state


Fiji

18 years of age; universal


France

18 years of age; universal


Gabon

18 years of age; universal


Ghana

18 years of age; universal


Gibraltar

18 years of age; universal; and British citizens with six months residence or more


Greece

18 years of age; universal and compulsory


Guam

18 years of age; universal; note  Guamanians are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections


Guatemala

18 years of age; universal; note  active duty members of the armed forces and police by law cannot vote and are restricted to their barracks on election day


Guinea

18 years of age; universal


Guyana

18 years of age; universal


Haiti

18 years of age; universal


Honduras

18 years of age; universal and compulsory


Hong Kong

18 years of age in direct elections for half the legislature and a majority of seats in 18 district councils; universal for permanent residents living in the territory of Hong Kong for the past seven years; note  in indirect elections, suffrage is limited to about 220,000 members of functional constituencies for the other half of the legislature and a 1,200member election committee for the chief executive drawn from broad sectoral groupings, central government bodies, municipal organizations, and elected Hong Kong officials


Hungary

18 years of age, 16 if married; universal


India

18 years of age; universal


Indonesia

17 years of age; universal and married persons regardless of age


Iran

18 years of age; universal


Iraq

18 years of age; universal


Israel

18 years of age; universal


Italy

18 years of age; universal except in senatorial elections, where minimum age is 25


Japan

20 years of age; universal


Jersey

16 years of age; universal


Jordan

18 years of age; universal


Kenya

18 years of age; universal


Kosovo

18 years of age; universal


Kuwait

21 years of age; universal; note  members of the military or police by law cannot vote; all voters must have been citizens for 20 years


Laos

18 years of age; universal


Latvia

18 years of age; universal


Lebanon

21 years of age; compulsory for all males; authorized for women at age 21 with elementary education; excludes military personnel


Libya

18 years of age, universal


Luxembourg

18 years of age; universal and compulsory


Macau

18 years of age in direct elections for some legislative positions, universal for permanent residents living in Macau for the past seven years; note  indirect elections are limited to organizations registered as "corporate voters" (973 were registered in the 2009 legislative elections) and a 400member Election Committee for the Chief Executive drawn from broad regional groupings, municipal organizations, central government bodies, and elected Macau officials


Malawi

18 years of age; universal


Mali

18 years of age; universal


Malta

18 years of age; universal


Mexico

18 years of age; universal and compulsory


Monaco

18 years of age; universal


Nauru

20 years of age; universal and compulsory


Nepal

18 years of age; universal


Niger

18 years of age; universal


Niue

18 years of age; universal


Northern Mariana Islands

18 years of age; universal; note  indigenous inhabitants are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections


Norway

18 years of age; universal


Oman

21 years of age; universal; note  members of the military and security forces by law cannot vote


Pakistan

18 years of age; universal; note  there are joint electorates and reserved parliamentary seats for women and nonMuslims


Palau

18 years of age; universal


Panama

18 years of age; universal and compulsory


Paraguay

18 years of age; universal and compulsory until the age of 75


Peru

18 years of age; universal and compulsory until the age of 70


Poland

18 years of age; universal


Puerto Rico

18 years of age; universal; note  island residents are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections


Qatar

18 years of age; universal


Russia

18 years of age; universal


Rwanda

18 years of age; universal


Samoa

21 years of age; universal


Serbia

18 years of age, 16 if employed; universal


Singapore

21 years of age; universal and compulsory


Slovenia

18 years of age, 16 if employed; universal


Spain

18 years of age; universal


Sudan

17 years of age; universal


Sweden

18 years of age; universal


Syria

18 years of age; universal


Taiwan

20 years of age; universal


Thailand

18 years of age; universal and compulsory


Togo

18 years of age; universal


Tonga

21 years of age; universal


Tunisia

18 years of age; universal except for active government security forces (including the police and the military), people with mental disabilities, people who have served more than three months in prison (criminal cases only), and people given a suspended sentence of more than six months


Turkey

18 years of age; universal


Tuvalu

18 years of age; universal


Uganda

18 years of age; universal


United Arab Emirates

limited; note  rulers of the seven emirates each select a proportion of voters for the Federal National Council (FNC) that together account for about 12 percent of Emirati citizens


Uruguay

18 years of age; universal and compulsory


Virgin Islands

18 years of age; universal; note  island residents are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections


Western Sahara

none; (residents of Moroccancontrolled Western Sahara participate in Moroccan elections)


Yemen

18 years of age; universal


Zambia

18 years of age; universal

