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Field Listing :: Ports and terminals
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This entry lists major ports and terminals primarily on the basis of the amount of cargo tonnage shipped through the facilities on an annual basis. In some instances, the number of containers handled or ship visits were also considered. Most ports service multiple classes of vessels including bulk carriers (dry and liquid), break bulk cargoes (goods loaded individually in bags, boxes, crates, or drums; sometimes palletized), containers, roll-on/roll-off, and passenger ships. The listing leads off with major seaports handling all types of cargo. Inland river and lake ports are listed separately along with the river or lake name. Ports configured specifically to handle bulk cargoes are designated as oil/gas terminals or dry bulk cargo ports. As break bulk cargoes are largely transported by containers today, the entry also includes a listing of major container ports with the corresponding throughput measured in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs). Some ports are significant for handling passenger traffic and are listed as cruise/ferry ports. In addition to commercial traffic, many seaports also provide important military infrastructure as naval bases or dockyards.
Ports and terminals
Afghanistan ariver port(s): Kheyrabad, Shir Khan
Albania major seaport(s): Durres, Sarande, Shengjin, Vlore
Algeria major seaport(s): Algiers, Annaba, Arzew, Bejaia, Djendjene, Jijel, Mostaganem, Oran, Skikda
LNG terminal(s) (export): Bethioua, Skikida
American Samoa major seaport(s): Pago Pago
Angola major seaport(s): Cabinda, Lobito, Luanda, Namibe
Anguilla major seaport(s): Blowing Point, Road Bay
Antarctica McMurdo Station; most coastal stations have sparse and intermittent offshore anchorages; a few stations have basic wharf facilities
Antigua and Barbuda major seaport(s): Saint John's
Arctic Ocean major seaport(s): Churchill (Canada), Murmansk (Russia), Prudhoe Bay (US)
Argentina major seaport(s): Bahia Blanca, Buenos Aires, La Plata, Punta Colorada, Ushuaia
river port(s): Arroyo Seco, Rosario, San Lorenzo-San Martin (Parana)
container port(s) (TEUs): Buenos Aires (1,851,701)
LNG terminal(s) (import): Bahia Blanca
Aruba major seaport(s): Barcadera, Oranjestad
oil terminal(s): Sint Nicolaas
cruise port(s): Oranjestad
Ashmore and Cartier Islands none; offshore anchorage only
Atlantic Ocean major seaport(s): Alexandria (Egypt), Algiers (Algeria), Antwerp (Belgium), Barcelona (Spain), Buenos Aires (Argentina), Casablanca (Morocco), Colon (Panama), Copenhagen (Denmark), Dakar (Senegal), Gdansk (Poland), Hamburg (Germany), Helsinki (Finland), Las Palmas (Canary Islands, Spain), Le Havre (France), Lisbon (Portugal), London (UK), Marseille (France), Montevideo (Uruguay), Montreal (Canada), Naples (Italy), New Orleans (US), New York (US), Oran (Algeria), Oslo (Norway), Peiraiefs or Piraeus (Greece), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Rotterdam (Netherlands), Saint Petersburg (Russia), Stockholm (Sweden)
Australia major seaport(s): Brisbane, Cairns, Darwin, Fremantle, Geelong, Gladstone, Hobart, Melbourne, Newcastle, Port Adelaide, Port Kembla, Sydney
dry bulk cargo port(s): Dampier (iron ore), Dalrymple Bay (coal), Hay Point (coal), Port Hedland (iron ore), Port Walcott (iron ore)
container port(s) (TEUs): Brisbane (1,004,983), Melbourne (2,467,967), Sydney (2,028,074)(2011)
LNG terminal(s) (export): Darwin, Karratha
Austria river port(s): Enns, Krems, Linz, Vienna (Danube)
Azerbaijan major seaport(s): Baku (Baki) located on the Caspian Sea
Bahamas, The major seaport(s): Freeport, Nassau, South Riding Point
container port(s) (TEUs): Freeport (1,116,272)(2011)
cruise port(s): Nassau
Bahrain major seaport(s): Mina' Salman, Sitrah
Bangladesh major seaport(s): Chittagong
river port(s): Mongla Port (Sela River)
container port(s): Chittagong (1,392,104) (2011)
Barbados major seaport(s): Bridgetown
Belarus river port(s): Mazyr (Prypyats')
Belgium major seaport(s): Oostende, Zeebrugge
river port(s): Antwerp, Gent (Schelde River); Brussels (Senne River); Liege (Meuse River)
container port(s) (TEUs): Antwerp (8,664,243), Zeebrugge (2,207,257) (2011)
LNG terminal(s) (import): Zeebrugge
Belize major seaport(s): Belize City, Big Creek
Benin major seaport(s): Cotonou
Bermuda major seaport(s): Hamilton, Ireland Island, Saint George
Bolivia river port(s): Puerto Aguirre (Paraguay/Parana)
note: Bolivia has free port privileges in maritime ports in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Paraguay
Bosnia and Herzegovina river port(s): Bosanska Gradiska, Bosanski Brod, Bosanski Samac, Brcko, Orasje (Sava River)
Bouvet Island none; offshore anchorage only
Brazil major seaport(s): Belem, Paranagua, Rio Grande, Rio de Janeiro, Santos, Sao Sebastiao, Tubarao
river port(s): Manaus (Amazon)
dry bulk cargo port(s): Sepetiba ore terminal
container ports (TEUs): Santos (2,985,922), Itajai (983,985)(2011)
oil/gas terminal(s): DTSE/Gegua oil terminal, Ilha Grande (Gebig), Guaiba Island terminal, Guamare oil terminal
LNG terminal(s) (import): Pecem, Rio de Janiero
British Indian Ocean Territory major seaport(s): Diego Garcia
British Virgin Islands seaport(s): Road Harbor
Brunei major seaport(s): Muara
oil/gas terminal(s): Lumut, Seria
LNG terminal (export): Lumut
Bulgaria major seaport(s): Burgas, Varna (Black Sea)
Burma major seaport(s): Moulmein, Sittwe
river port(s): Rangoon (Rangoon River)
Burundi lake port(s): Bujumbura (Lake Tanganyika)
Cabo Verde major seaport(s): Porto Grande
Cambodia major seaport(s): Sihanoukville (Kampong Saom)
river port(s): Phnom Penh (Mekong)
Cameroon river port(s): Douala (Wouri); Garoua (Benoue)
oil/gas terminal(s): Limboh Terminal
Canada major seaport(s): Halifax, Saint John (New Brunswick), Vancouver
river and lake port(s): Montreal, Quebec City, Sept-Isles (St. Lawrence); Fraser River Port (Fraser); Hamilton (Lake Ontario)
oil/gas terminal(s): Lower Lakes terminal
dry bulk cargo port(s): Port-Cartier (iron ore and grain),
container port(s): Montreal (1,362,975), Vancouver (2,507,032)(2011)
LNG terminal(s) (import): Saint John
Cayman Islands major seaport(s): Cayman Brac, George Town
Central African Republic river port(s): Bangui (Oubangui); Nola (Sangha)
Chile major seaport(s): Coronel, Huasco, Lirquen, Puerto Ventanas, San Antonio, San Vicente, Valparaiso
LNG terminal (import): Mejillones, Quintero
China major seaport(s): Dalian, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Tianjin
river port(s): Guangzhou (Pearl)
container port(s) (TEUs): Dalian (6,400,300), Guangzhou (14,260,400), Ningbo (14,719,200), Qingdao (13,020,100), Shanghai (31,739,000), Shenzhen (22,570,800), Tianjin (11,587,600)(2011)
LNG terminal(s) (import): Putian, Shanghai, Shenzhen
Christmas Island major seaport(s): Flying Fish Cove
Clipperton Island none; offshore anchorage only
Cocos (Keeling) Islands major seaport(s): Port Refuge
Colombia major seaport(s): Atlantic Ocean (Caribbean) - Cartagena, Santa Marta, Turbo; Pacific Ocean - Buenaventura
river port(s): Barranquilla (Rio Magdalena)
oil/gas terminal(s): Covenas offshore terminal
dry bulk cargo port(s): Puerto Bolivar (coal)
container port(s) (TEUs): Cartagena (1,853,342)
Comoros major seaport(s): Moroni, Mutsamudu
Congo, Democratic Republic of the major seaport(s): Banana
river or lake port(s): Boma, Bumba, Kinshasa, Kisangani, Matadi, Mbandaka (Congo); Kindu (Lualaba); Bukavu, Goma (Lake Kivu); Kalemie (Lake Tanganyika)
Congo, Republic of the major seaport(s): Pointe-Noire
river port(s): Brazzaville (Congo); Impfondo (Oubangi); Ouesso (Sangha); Oyo (Alima)
oil/gas terminal(s): Djeno
Cook Islands major seaport(s): Avatiu
Coral Sea Islands none; offshore anchorage only
Costa Rica major seaport(s): Atlantic Ocean (Caribbean) Puerto Limon; Pacific Ocean - Caldera
Cote d'Ivoire major seaport(s): Abidjan, San-Pedro
oil/gas terminal(s): Espoir Offshore Terminal
Croatia major seaport(s): Ploce, Rijeka, Sibernik, Split
river port(s): Vukovar (Danube)
oil/gas terminal(s): Omisalj
Cuba major seaport(s): Antilla, Cienfuegos, Guantanamo, Havana, Matanzas, Mariel, Nuevitas Bay, Santiago de Cuba
Curacao major seaport(s): Willemstad
oil/gas terminal(s): Bullen Baai (Curacao Terminal)
bulk cargo port(s): Fuik Bay (phosphate rock)
Cyprus major seaport(s): area under government control: Larnaca, Limassol, Vasilikos; area administered by Turkish Cypriots: Famagusta, Kyrenia
Czech Republic river port(s): Prague (Vltava); Decin, Usti nad Labem (Elbe)
Denmark major seaport(s): Baltic Sea - Aarhus, Copenhagen, Fredericia, Kalundborg; North Sea - Esbjerg,
river port(s): Aalborg (Langerak)
dry bulk cargo port(s): Ensted (coal)
cruise port(s): Copenhagen
Djibouti major seaport(s): Djibouti
Dominica major seaport(s): Portsmouth, Roseau
Dominican Republic major seaport(s): Puerto Haina, Puerto Plata, Santo Domingo
oil/gas terminal(s): Punta Nizao oil terminal
LNG terminal(s) (import): Andres LNG terminal (Boca Chica)
Ecuador major seaport(s): Esmeraldas, Manta, Puerto Bolivar
river port(s): Guayaquil (Guayas)
container port(s) (TEUs): Guayaquil (1,405,762)
Egypt major seaport(s): Mediterranean Sea - Alexandria, Damietta, El Dekheila, Port Said; Gulf of Suez - Suez
oil/gas terminal(s): Ain Sukhna terminal, Sidi Kerir terminal
container port(s) (TEUs): Alexandria (1,108,826), Port Said(East) (2,617,043), Port Said(West) (1,138,753)
LNG terminal(s) (export): Damietta, Idku (Abu Qir Bay)
El Salvador major seaport(s): Puerto Cutuco
oil/gas terminal(s): Acajutla offshore terminal
Equatorial Guinea major seaport(s): Bata, Luba, Malabo
LNG terminal(s) (export): Bioko Island
Eritrea major seaport(s): Assab, Massawa
Estonia major seaport(s): Kuivastu, Kunda, Muuga, Parnu Reid, Sillamae, Tallinn
Ethiopia Ethiopia is landlocked and uses the ports of Djibouti in Djibouti and Berbera in Somalia
European Union major port(s): Antwerp (Belgium), Barcelona (Spain), Braila (Romania), Bremen (Germany), Burgas (Bulgaria), Constanta (Romania), Copenhagen (Denmark), Galati (Romania), Gdansk (Poland), Hamburg (Germany), Helsinki (Finland), Las Palmas (Canary Islands, Spain), Le Havre (France), Lisbon (Portugal), London (UK), Marseille (France), Naples (Italy), Peiraiefs or Piraeus (Greece), Riga (Latvia), Rotterdam (Netherlands), Split (Croatia), Stockholm (Sweden), Talinn (Estonia), Tulcea (Romania), Varna (Bulgaria)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) major seaport(s): Stanley
Faroe Islands major seaport(s): Fuglafjordur, Torshavn, Vagur
Fiji major seaport(s): Lautoka, Levuka, Suva
Finland major seaport(s): Helsinki, Kotka, Naantali, Porvoo, Raahe, Rauma
France major seaport(s): Brest, Calais, Dunkerque, Le Havre, Marseille, Nantes,
river port(s): Paris, Rouen (Seine); Strasbourg (Rhine); Bordeaux (Garronne)
container port(s): Le Havre (2,215,262)(2011)
cruise/ferry port(s): Calais, Cherbourg, Le Havre
LNG terminal(s) (import): Fos-sur-Mer, Pays de la Loire
French Polynesia major seaport(s): Papeete
French Southern and Antarctic Lands none; offshore anchorage only
Gabon major seaport(s): Libreville, Owendo, Port-Gentil
oil/gas terminal(s): Gamba, Lucina
Gambia, The major seaport(s): Banjul
Gaza Strip major seaport(s): Gaza
Georgia major seaport(s): Black Sea - Bat'umi, P'ot'i
Germany major seaport(s): Baltic Sea - Rostock; North Sea - Wilhelmshaven
river port(s): Bremen (Weser); Bremerhaven (Geeste); Duisburg, Karlsruhe, Neuss-Dusseldorf (Rhine); Brunsbuttel, Hamburg (Elbe); Lubeck (Wakenitz)
oil/gas terminal(s): Brunsbuttel Canal terminals
container port(s): Bremen/Bremerhaven (5,915,487), Hamburg (9,014,165)(2011)
Ghana major seaport(s): Takoradi, Tema
Gibraltar major seaport(s): Gibraltar
Greece major seaport(s): Aspropyrgos, Pachi, Piraeus, Thessaloniki
oil/gas terminal(s): Agioi Theodoroi
LNG terminal(s) (import): Revithoussa
Greenland major seaport(s): Sisimiut
Grenada major seaport(s): Saint George's
Guam major seaport(s): Apra Harbor
Guatemala major seaport(s): Puerto Quetzal, Santo Tomas de Castilla
Guernsey major seaport(s): Braye Bay, Saint Peter Port
Guinea major seaport(s): Conakry, Kamsar
Guinea-Bissau major seaport(s): Bissau, Buba, Cacheu, Farim
Guyana major seaport(s): Georgetown
Haiti major seaport(s): Cap-Haitien, Gonaives, Jacmel, Port-au-Prince
Heard Island and McDonald Islands none; offshore anchorage only
Honduras major seaport(s): La Ceiba, Puerto Cortes, San Lorenzo, Tela
Hong Kong major seaport(s): Hong Kong
Howland Island none; offshore anchorage only; note - there is one small boat landing area along the middle of the west coast
Hungary Budapest, Dunaujvaros, Gyor-Gonyu, Csepel, Baja, Mohacs
Iceland major seaport(s): Grundartangi, Hafnarfjordur, Reykjavik
India major seaport(s): Chennai, Jawaharal Nehru Port, Kandla, Kolkata (Calcutta), Mumbai (Bombay), Sikka, Vishakhapatnam
container port(s) (TEUs): Chennai (1,558,343), Jawaharal Nehru Port (4,307,622)
LNG terminal(s) (import): Dahej, Hazira
Indian Ocean major seaport(s): Chennai (Madras, India); Colombo (Sri Lanka); Durban (South Africa); Jakarta (Indonesia); Kolkata (Calcutta, India); Melbourne (Australia); Mumbai (Bombay, India); Richards Bay (South Africa)
Indonesia major seaport(s): Banjarmasin, Belawan, Kotabaru, Krueg Geukueh, Palembang, Panjang, Sungai Pakning, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok
container port(s) (TEUs): Tanjung Priok (5,617,562)
LNG terminal(s) (export): Banda Aceh, Bontang, Tangguh
Iran major seaport(s): Bandar-e Asaluyeh, Bandar Abbas
river port(s): Bandar Emam Khomeyni (Shatt al-Arab)
container port(s) (TEUs): Bandar Abbas (2,752,460)
Iraq river port(s): Al Basrah (Shatt al-'Arab); Khawr az Zubayr, Umm Qasr (Khawr az Zubayr waterway)
Ireland major seaport(s): Dublin, Shannon Foynes,
river port(s): Cork (Lee), Waterford (Suir)
container port(s) (TEUs): Dublin (1,931,001)
Isle of Man major seaport(s): Douglas, Ramsey
Israel major seaport(s): Ashdod, Elat (Eilat), Hadera, Haifa
container port(s) TEUs): Ashdod (1,176,000), Haifa (1,238,000)
Italy major seaport(s): Augusta, Cagliari, Genoa, Livorno, Taranto, Trieste, Venice
oil terminals: Melilli (Santa Panagia) oil terminal, Sarroch oil terminal
container port(s) (TEUs): Genoa (1,847,648), Gioia Tauro (2,264,798), La Spezia (1,307,274)
LNG terminal(s) (import): Adriatic (Rovigo), La Spezia
Jamaica major seaport(s): Discovery Bay (Port Rhoades), Kingston, Montego Bay, Port Antonio, Port Esquivel, Port Kaiser, Rocky Point
container port(s) (TEUs): Kingston (1,724,928)
Jan Mayen none; offshore anchorage only
Japan major seaport(s): Chiba, Kawasaki, Kobe, Mizushima, Moji, Nagoya, Osaka, Tokyo, Tomakomai, Yokohama
container port(s) (TEUs): Kobe (2,725,304), Nagoya (2,471,821), Osaka (2,172,797), Tokyo (4,416,119), Yokohama (2,992,517)
LNG terminal(s) (import): Chita, Fukwoke, Futtsu, Hachinone, Hatsukaichi, Higashi Ohgishima, Himeiji, Kagoshima, Kawagoe, Kita Kyushu, Mizushima, Nagasaki, Negishi, Nihonku, Sakai, Senboku, Shimizu, Shinminato, Sodegaura, Yanai, Yokkaichi
Jarvis Island none; offshore anchorage only; note - there is one small boat landing area in the middle of the west coast and another near the southwest corner of the island
Jersey major seaport(s): Gorey, Saint Aubin, Saint Helier
Johnston Atoll Johnston Island
Jordan major seaport(s): Al 'Aqabah
Kazakhstan major seaport(s): Aqtau (Shevchenko), Atyrau (Gur'yev)
river port(s): Oskemen (Ust-Kamenogorsk), Pavlodar, Semey (Semipalatinsk) (Irtysh River)
Kenya major seaport(s): Kisumu, Mombasa
Kingman Reef none; offshore anchorage only
Kiribati major seaport(s): Betio (Tarawa Atoll), Canton Island, English Harbor
Korea, North major seaport(s): Ch'ongjin, Haeju, Hungnam (Hamhung), Namp'o, Senbong, Songnim, Sonbong (formerly Unggi), Wonsan
Korea, South major seaport(s): Incheon, Pohang, Busan, Ulsan, Yeosu
container port(s) (TEUs): Busan (16,163,842), Kwangyang (2,061,958), Incheon (1,924,644)
LNG terminal(s) (import): Incheon, Kwangyang, Pyeongtaek, Tongyeong, Yeosu
Kuwait major seaport(s): Ash Shu'aybah, Ash Shuwaykh, Az Zawr (Mina' Sa'ud), Mina' 'Abd Allah, Mina' al Ahmadi
Kyrgyzstan lake port(s): Balykchy (Ysyk-Kol or Rybach'ye)(Lake Ysyk-Kol)
Latvia major seaport(s): Riga, Ventspils
Lebanon major seaport(s): Beirut, Tripoli
container port(s) (TEUs): Beirut (1,034,249)
Liberia major seaport(s): Buchanan, Monrovia
Libya major seaport(s): Marsa al Burayqah (Marsa el Brega), Tripoli
oil terminal(s): Az Zawiyah, Ra's Lanuf
LNG terminal (export): Marsa el Brega
Lithuania major seaport(s): Klaipeda
oil terminals: Butinge oil terminal
Luxembourg river port(s): Mertert (Moselle)
Macau major seaport(s): Macau
Madagascar major seaport(s): Antsiranana (Diego Suarez), Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara (Tulear)
Malawi lake port(s): Chipoka, Monkey Bay, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Chilumba
Malaysia major seaport(s): Bintulu, Johor Bahru, George Town (Penang), Port Kelang (Port Klang), Tanjung Pelepas
container port(s) (TEUs): George Town (Penang)(1,202,180), Port Kelang (Port Klang)(9,435,403), Tanjung Pelepas (7,302,461)
LNG terminal(s) (export): Bintulu
Maldives major seaport(s): Male
Mali river port(s): Koulikoro (Niger)
Malta major seaport(s): Marsaxlokk (Malta Freeport), Valletta
container port(s) (TEUs): Marsaxlokk (2,360,000)
Marshall Islands major seaport(s): Enitwetak Island, Kwajalein, Majuro
Mauritania major seaport(s): Nouadhibou, Nouakchott
Mauritius major seaport(s): Port Louis
Mexico major seaport(s): Altamira, Coatzacoalcos, Lazaro Cardenas, Manzanillo, Salina Cruz, Veracruz
oil terminals: Cayo Arcas terminal, Dos Bocas terminal
LNG terminal(s) (import): Altamira, Ensenada,
Micronesia, Federated States of major seaport(s): Colonia (Tomil Harbor), Lele Harbor, Pohnepi Harbor
Midway Islands major seaport(s): Sand Island
Monaco major seaport(s): Monaco
Montenegro major seaport(s): Bar
Montserrat major seaport(s): Little Bay, Plymouth
Morocco major seaport(s): Casablanca, Jorf Lasfar, Mohammedia, Safi, Tangier
container port(s) (TEUs): Tangier (2,093,408)
Mozambique major seaport(s): Beira, Maputo, Nacala
Namibia major seaport(s): Luderitz, Walvis Bay
Nauru major seaport(s): Nauru
Navassa Island none; offshore anchorage only
Netherlands major seaport(s): IJmuiden, Vlissingen
river port(s): Amsterdam (Nordsee Kanaal); Moerdijk (Hollands Diep River); Rotterdam (Rhine River); Terneuzen (Western Scheldt River)
container port(s) (TEUs): Rotterdam (11,876,920)
LNG terminal(s) (import): Rotterdam
New Caledonia major seaport(s): Noumea
New Zealand major seaport(s): Auckland, Lyttelton, Manukau Harbor, Marsden Point, Tauranga, Wellington
Nicaragua major seaport(s): Bluefields, Corinto
Nigeria major seaport(s): Bonny Inshore Terminal, Calabar, Lagos
LNG terminal(s) (export): Bonny Island
Niue major seaport(s): Alofi
Norfolk Island major seaport(s): Kingston
Northern Mariana Islands major seaport(s): Saipan, Tinian, Rota
Norway major seaport(s): Bergen, Haugesund, Maaloy, Mongstad, Narvik, Sture
LNG terminal(s) (export): Melkoya Island
Oman major seaport(s): Mina' Qabus, Salalah, Suhar
container port(s) (TEUs): Salalah (3,200,000)
LNG terminal(s) (export): Qalhat
Pacific Ocean major seaport(s): Bangkok (Thailand), Hong Kong (China), Kao-hsiung (Taiwan), Los Angeles (US), Manila (Philippines), Pusan (South Korea), San Francisco (US), Seattle (US), Shanghai (China), Singapore, Sydney (Australia), Vladivostok (Russia), Wellington (NZ), Yokohama (Japan)
Pakistan major seaport(s): Karachi, Port Muhammad Bin Qasim
container port(s) (TEUs): Karachi (1,545,434)
Palau major seaport(s): Koror
Palmyra Atoll West Lagoon
Panama major seaport(s): Balboa, Colon, Cristobal
container port(s) (TEUs): Balboa (3,232,265), Colon (2,390,976), Manzanillo (2,391,066)
Papua New Guinea major seaport(s): Kimbe, Lae, Madang, Rabaul, Wewak
Paracel Islands small Chinese port facilities on Woody Island and Duncan Island
Paraguay river port(s): Asuncion, Villeta, San Antonio, Encarnacion (Parana)
Peru major seaport(s): Callao, Matarani, Paita
river port(s): Iquitos, Pucallpa, Yurimaguas (Amazon)
oil terminals: Conchan oil terminal, La Pampilla oil terminal
container port(s) (TEUs): Callao (1,616,365)
Philippines major seaport(s): Batangas, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu, Davao, Liman, Manila
container port(s) (TEUs): Manila (3,342,200)
Pitcairn Islands major seaport(s): Adamstown (on Bounty Bay)
Poland major seaport(s): Gdansk, Gdynia, Swinoujscie
river port(s): Szczecin (River Oder)
Portugal major seaport(s): Leixoes, Lisbon, Setubal, Sines
LNG terminal (import): Sines
Puerto Rico major seaport(s): Ensenada Honda, Mayaguez, Playa de Guayanilla, Playa de Ponce, San Juan
container port(s) (TEUs): San Juan (1,484,595)
LNG terminal(s) (import): Guayanilla Bay
Qatar major seaport(s): Doha, Mesaieed (Umaieed), Ra's Laffan
LNG terminal(s) (export): Ras Laffan
Romania major seaport(s): Constanta, Midia
river port(s): Braila, Galati (Galatz), Mancanului (Giurgiu), Tulcea (Danube River)
Russia major seaport(s): Kaliningrad, Nakhodka, Novorossiysk, Primorsk, Vostochnyy
river port(s): Saint Petersburg (Neva River)
oil terminal(s): Kavkaz oil terminal
container port(s) (TEUs): Saint Petersburg (2,365,174)
LNG terminal(s) (export): Sakhalin Island
Rwanda lake port(s): Cyangugu, Gisenyi, Kibuye (Lake Kivu)
Saint Barthelemy major seaport(s): Gustavia
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha major seaport(s):
Saint Helena: Jamestown
Ascension Island: Georgetown
Tristan da Cunha: Calshot Harbor (Edinburgh)
Saint Kitts and Nevis major seaport(s): Basseterre, Charlestown
Saint Lucia major seaport(s): Castries, Cul-de-Sac, Vieux-Fort
Saint Pierre and Miquelon major seaport(s): Saint-Pierre
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines major seaport(s): Kingstown
Samoa major seaport(s): Apia
Sao Tome and Principe major seaport(s): Sao Tome
Saudi Arabia major seaport(s): Ad Dammam, Al Jubayl, Jeddah, Yanbu al Bahr
container port(s) (TEUs): Ad Dammam (1,492,315), Jeddah (4,010,448)
Senegal major seaport(s): Dakar
Seychelles major seaport(s): Victoria
Sierra Leone major seaport(s): Freetown, Pepel, Sherbro Islands
Singapore major seaport(s): Singapore
major container port(s) (TEUs): Singapore
Sint Maarten major seaport(s): Philipsburg
oil terminals: Coles Bay oil terminal
Slovakia river port(s): Bratislava, Komarno (Danube)
Slovenia major seaport(s): Koper
Solomon Islands major seaport(s): Honiara, Malloco Bay, Viru Harbor, Tulaghi
Somalia major seaport(s): Berbera, Kismaayo
South Africa major seaport(s): Cape Town, Durban, Port Elizabeth, Richards Bay, Saldanha Bay
container port(s) (TEUs): Durban (2,712,975)
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands major seaport(s): Grytviken
Southern Ocean major seaport(s): McMurdo, Palmer, and offshore anchorages in Antarctica
note: few ports or harbors exist on the southern side of the Southern Ocean; ice conditions limit use of most to short periods in midsummer; even then some cannot be entered without icebreaker escort; most Antarctic ports are operated by government research stations and, except in an emergency, are not open to commercial or private vessels
Spain major seaport(s): Algeciras, Barcelona, Bilbao, Cartagena, Huelva, Tarragona, Valencia (Spain); Las Palmas, Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands)
container port(s) (TEUs): Algeciras (3,608,301), Barcelona (2,033,747), Valencia (4,327,371); Las Palmas (1,287,389)
LNG terminal(s) (import): Barcelona, Bilbao, Cartegena, Huelva, Mugardos, Sagunto
Spratly Islands none; offshore anchorage only
Sri Lanka major seaport(s): Colombo
container port(s) (TEUs): Colombo (3,651,963)
Sudan major seaport(s): Port Sudan
Suriname major seaport(s): Paramaribo, Wageningen
Svalbard major seaport(s): Barentsburg, Longyearbyen, Ny-Alesund, Pyramiden
Sweden major seaport(s): Brofjorden, Goteborg, Helsingborg, Karlshamn, Lulea, Malmo, Stockholm, Trelleborg, Visby
Switzerland river port(s): Basel (Rhine)
Syria major seaport(s): Baniyas, Latakia, Tartus
Taiwan major seaport(s): Chilung (Keelung), Kaohsiung, Hualian, Taichung
container port(s) (TEUs): Chilung (Keelung) (1,749,388), Kaohsiung (9,363,289), Taichung (1,383,578)
LNG terminal (import): Kaohsiung, Taichung
Tanzania major seaport(s): Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar
Thailand major seaport(s): Bangkok, Laem Chabang, Map Ta Phut, Prachuap Port, Si Racha
container port(s) TEUs): Bangkok (1,305,229), Laem Chabang (5,731,063)
Timor-Leste major seaport(s): Dili
Togo major seaport(s): Kpeme, Lome
Tokelau none; offshore anchorage only
Tonga major seaport(s): Nuku'alofa, Neiafu, Pangai
Trinidad and Tobago major seaport(s): Point Fortin, Point Lisas, Port of Spain, Scarborough
oil terminals: Galeota Point terminal
LNG terminal(s) (export): Port Fortin
Tunisia major seaport(s): Bizerte, Gabes, Rades, Sfax, Skhira
Turkey major seaport(s): Aliaga, Ambarli, Diliskelesi, Eregli, Izmir, Kocaeli (Izmit), Mersin (Icel), Limani, Yarimca
container port(s) (TEUs): Ambarli (2,121,549), Mersin (Icel) (1,126,866)
LNG terminal (import): Izmir Aliaga, Marmara Ereglisi
Turkmenistan major seaport(s): Turkmenbasy
Turks and Caicos Islands major seaport(s): Cockburn Harbour, Grand Turk, Providenciales
Tuvalu major seaport(s): Funafuti
Uganda lake port(s): Entebbe, Jinja, Port Bell (Lake Victoria)
Ukraine major seaport(s): Feodosiya (Theodosia), Illichivsk, Mariupol', Mykolayiv, Odesa, Yuzhnyy
United Arab Emirates major seaport(s): Al Fujayrah, Mina' Jabal 'Ali (Dubai), Khor Fakkan (Khawr Fakkan), Mubarraz Island, Mina' Rashid (Dubai), Mina' Saqr (Ra's al Khaymah)
container port(s) (TEUs): Dubai Port (12,617,595), Khor Fakkan (Khawr Fakkan) (3,234,101)
LNG terminal(s) (export): Das Island
United Kingdom major seaport(s): Dover, Felixstowe, Immingham, Liverpool, London, Southampton, Teesport (England); Forth Ports (Scotland); Milford Haven (Wales)
oil terminals: Fawley Marine terminal, Liverpool Bay terminal (England); Braefoot Bay terminal, Finnart oil terminal, Hound Point terminal (Scotland)
container port(s) (TEUs): Felixstowe (3,248,592), London (1,932,000), Southampton (1,324,581)
LNG terminal(s) (import): Isle of Grain, Milford Haven, Teesside
United States cargo ports (tonnage): Baton Rouge, Corpus Christi, Hampton Roads, Houston, Long Beach, Los Angeles, New Orleans, New York, Plaquemines, Tampa, Texas City
container port(s) (TEUs): Hampton Roads (1,918,029), Houston (1,866,450), Long Beach (6,061,091), Los Angeles (7,940,511), New York/New Jersey (5,503,485), Oakland (2,342,504), Savannah (2,944,678), Seattle (2,033,535)(2011)
cruise departure ports (passengers): Miami (2,032,000), Port Everglades (1,277,000), Port Canaveral (1,189,000), Seattle (430,000), Long Beach (415,000) (2009)
oil terminals: LOOP terminal, Haymark terminal
LNG terminal(s) (import): Cove Point (MD), Elba Island (GA), Everett (MA), Freeport (TX), Golden Pass (TX), Hackberry (LA), Lake Charles (LA), Neptune (offshore), Northeast Gateway (offshore), Pascagoula (MS), Sabine Pass (TX)
LNG terminal(s) (export): Kenai (AK)
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges major seaport(s):
Baker, Howland, and Jarvis Islands, and Kingman Reef: none; offshore anchorage only
Johnston Atoll: Johnston Island
Midway Islands: Sand Island
Palmyra Atoll: West Lagoon
Uruguay major seaport(s): Montevideo
Uzbekistan river port(s): Termiz (Amu Darya)
Vanuatu major seaport(s): Forari Bay, Luganville (Santo, Espiritu Santo), Port-Vila
Venezuela major seaport(s): La Guaira, Maracaibo, Puerto Cabello, Punta Cardon
oil terminals: Jose terminal
Vietnam major seaport(s): Cam Pha Port, Da Nang, Haiphong, Phu My, Quy Nhon
river port(s): Ho Chi Minh (Mekong)
container port(s) (TEUs): Haiphong (1,018,794), Saigon New Port (3,071,777)
Virgin Islands major seaport(s): Charlotte Amalie, Christiansted, Cruz Bay, Frederiksted, Limetree Bay
Wake Island none; two offshore anchorages for large ships
Wallis and Futuna major seaport(s): Leava, Mata-Utu
Western Sahara major seaport(s): Ad Dakhla, Laayoune (El Aaiun)
World top ten container ports as measured by Twenty-Foot Equivalent Units (TEUs) throughput: Shanghai (China) - 31,739,000; Singapore (Singapore) - 29,937,700; Hong Kong (China) - 24,384,000; Shenzhen (China) - 22,570,800; Busan (South Korea) - 16,163,842; Ningbo (China) - 14,719,200; Guangzhou (China) - 14,260,400; Qingdao (China) - 13,020,100; Dubai (UAE) - 12,617,595; - Rotterdam (Netherlands) - 11,876,920 (2011)
Yemen major seaport(s): Aden, Al Hudaydah, Al Mukalla
Zambia river port(s): Mpulungu (Zambezi)
Zimbabwe river port(s): Binga, Kariba (Zambezi)
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