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the World Factbook- Appendix A :: Abbreviations
appendix a :: abbreviations
A
  • ABEDA
    Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa
  • ACP Group
    African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States
  • ADB
    Asian Development Bank
  • AfDB
    African Development Bank
  • AFESD
    Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
  • AG
    Australia Group
  • Air Pollution
    Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution
  • Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides
    Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Concerning the Control of Emissions of Nitrogen Oxides or Their Transboundary Fluxes
  • Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
    Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Persistent Organic Pollutants
  • Air Pollution-Sulphur 85
    Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions or Their Transboundary Fluxes by at Least 30%
  • Air Pollution-Sulphur 94
    Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Further Reduction of Sulphur Emissions
  • Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
    Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Concerning the Control of Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds or Their Transboundary Fluxes
  • AMF
    Arab Monetary Fund
  • AMU
    Arab Maghreb Union
  • Antarctic Marine Living Resources
    Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
  • Antarctic Seals
    Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals
  • Antarctic-Environmental Protocol
    Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty
  • ANZUS
    Australia-New Zealand-United States Security Treaty
  • AOSIS
    Alliance of Small Island States
  • APEC
    Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
  • Arabsat
    Arab Satellite Communications Organization
  • ARF
    ASEAN Regional Forum
  • ASEAN
    Association of Southeast Asian Nations
  • AU
    African Union
  • Autodin
    Automatic Digital Network
  • BA
    Baltic Assembly
  • bbl/day
    barrels per day
  • BCIE
    Central American Bank for Economic Integration
  • BDEAC
    Central African States Development Bank
  • Benelux
    Benelux Union
  • BGN
    United States Board on Geographic Names
  • BIMSTEC
    Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation
  • Biodiversity
    Convention on Biological Diversity
  • BIS
    Bank for International Settlements
  • BRICS
    (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa)
  • BSEC
    Black Sea Economic Cooperation Zone
  • C
    Commonwealth
  • CD
    Community of Democracies
  • c.i.f.
    cost, insurance, and freight
  • CACM
    Central American Common Market
  • CAEU
    Council of Arab Economic Unity
  • CAN
    Andean Community
  • Caricom
    Caribbean Community and Common Market
  • CB
    citizen's band mobile radio communications
  • CBSS
    Council of the Baltic Sea States
  • CCC
    Customs Cooperation Council
  • CDB
    Caribbean Development Bank
  • CE
    Council of Europe
  • CEI
    Central European Initiative
  • CELAC
    Community of Latin America and Caribbean States
  • CEMA
    Council for Mutual Economic Assistance
  • CEMAC
    Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa
  • CEPGL
    Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries
  • CERN
    European Organization for Nuclear Research
  • CIA
    Central Intelligence Agency
  • CICA
    Conference of Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia
  • CIS
    Commonwealth of Independent States
  • CITES
    see Endangered Species
  • Climate Change
    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
    Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • COCOM
    Coordinating Committee on Export Controls
  • COMESA
    Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
  • Comsat
    Communications Satellite Corporation
  • CP
    Colombo Plan
  • CPLP
    Comunidade dos Paises de Lingua Portuguesa
  • CSN
    South American Community of Nations became UNASUL - Union of South American Nations
  • CSTO
    Collective Security Treaty Organization
  • CTBTO
    Preparatory Commission for the Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
  • CY
    calendar year
  • D-8
    Developing Eight
  • DC
    developed country
  • DDT
    dichloro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane
  • Desertification
    United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa
  • DIA
    United States Defense Intelligence Agency
  • DSN
    Defense Switched Network
  • DST
    daylight savings time
  • DWT
    deadweight ton
  • EAC
    East African Community
  • EADB
    East African Development Bank
  • EAEC
    Eurasian Economic Community
  • EAPC
    Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
  • EAS
    East Asia Summit
  • EBRD
    European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
  • EC
    European Community or European Commission
  • ECA
    Economic Commission for Africa
  • ECB
    European Central Bank
  • ECE
    Economic Commission for Europe
  • ECLAC
    Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
  • ECO
    Economic Cooperation Organization
  • ECOSOC
    Economic and Social Council
  • ECOWAS
    Economic Community of West African States
  • ECSC
    European Coal and Steel Community
  • EE
    Eastern Europe
  • EEC
    European Economic Community
  • EEZ
    exclusive economic zone
  • EFTA
    European Free Trade Association
  • EIB
    European Investment Bank
  • EITI
    Extractive Industry Trnsparency Iniative
  • EMU
    European Monetary Union
  • Endangered Species
    Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES)
  • Entente
    Council of the Entente
  • Environmental Modification
    Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques
  • ESA
    European Space Agency
  • ESCAP
    Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
  • ESCWA
    Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia
  • est.
    estimate
  • EU
    European Union
  • Euratom
    European Atomic Energy Community
  • Eutelsat
    European Telecommunications Satellite Organization
  • Ex-Im
    Export-Import Bank of the United States
  • f.o.b.
    free on board
  • FAO
    Food and Agriculture Organization
  • FATF
    Financial Action Task Force
  • FAX
    facsimile
  • FLS
    Front Line States
  • FOC
    flags of convenience
  • FSU
    former Soviet Union
  • FY
    fiscal year
  • FZ
    Franc Zone
  • G-3
    Group of 3
  • G-5
    Group of 5
  • G-6
    Group of 6
  • G-7
    Group of 7
  • G-8
    Group of 8
  • G-9
    Group of 9
  • G-10
    Group of 10
  • G-15
    Group of 15
  • G-11
    Group of 11
  • G-20
    Group of 20
  • G-24
    Group of 24
  • G-77
    Group of 77
  • GATT
    General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; now WTO
  • GCC
    Gulf Cooperation Council
  • GCN
    Global Caribbean Network
  • GCTU
    General Confederation of Trade Unions
  • GDP
    gross domestic product
  • GMT
    Greenwich Mean Time
  • GNP
    gross national product
  • GRT
    gross register ton
  • GSM
    global system for mobile cellular communications
  • GUAM
    Organization for Democracy and Economic Development; acronym for member states - Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Moldova
  • GWP
    gross world product
  • Hazardous Wastes
    Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
  • HF
    high-frequency
  • HIV/AIDS
    human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  • IADB
    Inter-American Development Bank
  • IAEA
    International Atomic Energy Agency
  • IANA
    Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
  • IBRD
    International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)
  • ICAO
    International Civil Aviation Organization
  • ICC
    International Chamber of Commerce
  • ICCt
    International Criminal Court
  • ICJ
    International Court of Justice (World Court)
  • ICRC
    International Committee of the Red Cross
  • ICRM
    International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
  • ICSID
    International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes
  • ICTR
    International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
  • ICTY
    International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
  • IDA
    International Development Association
  • IDB
    Islamic Development Bank
  • IDP
    Internally Displaced Person
  • IEA
    International Energy Agency
  • IFAD
    International Fund for Agricultural Development
  • IFC
    International Finance Corporation
  • IFRCS
    International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
  • IGAD
    Inter-Governmental Authority on Development
  • IHO
    International Hydrographic Organization
  • ILO
    International Labor Organization
  • IMF
    International Monetary Fund
  • IMO
    International Maritime Organization
  • IMSO
    International Mobile Satellite Organization
  • Inmarsat
    International Maritime Satellite Organization
  • InOC
    Indian Ocean Commission
  • Intelsat
    International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
  • Interpol
    International Criminal Police Organization
  • Intersputnik
    International Organization of Space Communications
  • IOC
    International Olympic Committee
  • IOM
    International Organization for Migration
  • IPU
    Inter-Parliamentary Union
  • ISO
    International Organization for Standardization
  • ISP
    Internet Service Provider
  • ITC
    International Trade Center
  • ITSO
    International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
  • ITU
    International Telecommunication Union
  • ITUC
    International Trade Union Confederation, the successor to ICFTU (International Confederation of Free Trade Unions) and the WCL (World Confederation of Labor)
  • kHz
    kilohertz
  • km
    kilometer
  • kW
    kilowatt
  • kWh
    kilowatt-hour
  • LAES
    Latin American and Caribbean Economic System
  • LAIA
    Latin American Integration Association
  • LAS
    League of Arab States
  • Law of the Sea
    United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOS)
  • LDC
    less developed country
  • LLDC
    least developed country
  • London Convention
    see Marine Dumping
  • LOS
    see Law of the Sea
  • m
    meter
  • Marecs
    Maritime European Communications Satellite
  • Marine Dumping
    Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping Wastes and Other Matter
  • Marine Life Conservation
    Convention on Fishing and Conservation of Living Resources of the High Seas
  • MARPOL
    see Ship Pollution
  • Medarabtel
    Middle East Telecommunications Project of the International Telecommunications Union
  • Mercosur
    Southern Cone Common Market
  • MHz
    megahertz
  • MICAH
    International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti
  • MIGA
    Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
  • MINURCAT
    United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad
  • MINURSO
    United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara
  • MINUSTAH
    United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti
  • MONUSCO
    United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • NA
    not available
  • NAFTA
    North American Free Trade Agreement
  • NAM
    Nonaligned Movement
  • NATO
    North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • NC
    Nordic Council
  • NEA
    Nuclear Energy Agency
  • NEGL
    negligible
  • NGA
    National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  • NGO
    nongovernmental organization
  • NIB
    Nordic Investment Bank
  • NIC
    newly industrializing country
  • NIE
    newly industrializing economy
  • NIS
    new independent states
  • nm
    nautical mile
  • NMT
    Nordic Mobile Telephone
  • NSG
    Nuclear Suppliers Group
  • Nuclear Test Ban
    Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space, and Under Water
  • NZ
    New Zealand
  • OAPEC
    Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries
  • OAS
    Organization of American States
  • OAU
    Organization of African Unity; see African Union
  • ODA
    official development assistance
  • OECD
    Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
  • OECS
    Organization of Eastern Caribbean States
  • OHCHR
    Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
  • OIC
    Organization of the Islamic Conference
  • OIF
    International Organization of the French-speaking World
  • OOF
    other official flows
  • OPANAL
    Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean
  • OPCW
    Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
  • OPEC
    Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
  • OSCE
    Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
  • Ozone Layer Protection
    Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer
  • PCA
    Permanent Court of Arbitration
  • PFP
    Partnership for Peace
  • PIF
    Pacific Islands Forum
  • PPP
    purchasing power parity
  • Ramsar
    see Wetlands
  • RG
    Rio Group
  • SAARC
    South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
  • SACEP
    South Asia Co-operative Environment Program
  • SACU
    Southern African Customs Union
  • SADC
    Southern African Development Community
  • SAFE
    South African Far East Cable
  • SCO
    Shanghai Cooperation Organization
  • SECI
    Southeast European Cooperative Initiative
  • SELEC
    Convention of the Southeast European Law Enforcement Centers (successor to SECI)
  • SHF
    super-high-frequency
  • Ship Pollution
    Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution From Ships, 1973 (MARPOL)
  • SICA
    Central American Integration System
  • Sparteca
    South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement
  • SPC
    Secretariat of the Pacific Communities
  • SPF
    South Pacific Forum
  • sq km
    square kilometer
  • sq mi
    square mile
  • TAT
    Trans-Atlantic Telephone
  • TEU
    Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit, a unit of measure for containerized cargo capacity
  • Tropical Timber 83
    International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1983
  • Tropical Timber 94
    International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1994
  • UAE
    United Arab Emirates
  • UDEAC
    Central African Customs and Economic Union
  • UHF
    ultra-high-frequency
  • UK
    United Kingdom
  • UN
    United Nations
  • UN-AIDS
    Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS
  • UNAMA
    United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan
  • UNAMID
    African Union/United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur
  • UNASUR
    Union of South American Nations
  • UNCLOS
    United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, also know as LOS
  • UNCTAD
    United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
  • UNDCP
    United Nations Drug Control Program
  • UNDEF
    United Nations Democracy Fund
  • UNDOF
    United Nations Disengagement Observer Force
  • UNDP
    United Nations Development Program
  • UNEP
    United Nations Environment Program
  • UNESCO
    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
  • UNFICYP
    United Nations Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus
  • UNFPA
    United Nations Population Fund
  • UN-Habitat
    United Nations Center for Human Settlements
  • UNHCR
    United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
  • UNICEF
    United Nations Children's Fund
  • UNICRI
    United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute
  • UNIDIR
    United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research
  • UNIDO
    United Nations Industrial Development Organization
  • UNIFIL
    United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
  • UNISFA
    United Nations Interim Force for Abyei
  • UNITAR
    United Nations Institute for Training and Research
  • UNMIK
    United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo
  • UNMIL
    United Nations Mission in Liberia
  • UNMIS
    United Nations Mission in the Sudan
  • UNMISS
    United Nations Mission in South Sudan
  • UNMIT
    United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste
  • UNMOGIP
    United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan
  • UNOCI
    United Nations Operation in Cote d'Ivoire
  • UNODC
    United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime
  • UNOPS
    United Nations Office of Project Services
  • UNRISD
    United Nations Research Institute for Social Development
  • UNRWA
    United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East
  • UNSC
    United Nations Security Council
  • UNSSC
    Untied Nations System Staff College
  • UNTSO
    United Nations Truce Supervision Organization
  • UNU
    United Nations University
  • UNWTO
    World Tourism Organization
  • UPU
    Universal Postal Union
  • US
    United States
  • USSR
    Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union); used for information dated before 25 December 1991
  • UTC
    Coordinated Universal Time
  • UV
    ultra violet
  • VHF
    very-high-frequency
  • VSAT
    very small aperture terminal
  • WADB
    West African Development Bank
  • WAEMU
    West African Economic and Monetary Union
  • WCL
    World Confederation of Labor
  • WCO
    World Customs Organization
  • Wetlands
    Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially As Waterfowl Habitat
  • WEU
    Western European Union
  • WFP
    World Food Program
  • WFTU
    World Federation of Trade Unions
  • Whaling
    International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling
  • WHO
    World Health Organization
  • WIPO
    World Intellectual Property Organization
  • WMO
    World Meteorological Organization
  • WP
    Warsaw Pact
  • WTO
    World Trade Organization
  • ZC
    Zangger Committee
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